the world we live in, there are two social currents each of which seeks
with great effort to spread its power in the world and to resist the
other current; these currents are the Socialism current, which the
Soviet Union and China both raised its flag, and the Capitalism current
lead by the United States of America and Western Europe.
these two large social currents comes a cult of intellectual,
philosophical, and literary fronts which appeared in Europe and America
more than in the Soviet Union due to the fact that individuals have
certain freedoms other civilians from the Soviet Union were deprived
The most highlighted of these fronts are: Existentialism, Naturalism, Realism, Arabism, and Symbolism.
intellectual and social fronts resorted to literature, from which it
obtained a weapon to defend itself, and a platform to announce its
principles and goals from, and an example which illustrates the
similarity of its people, until “Stalin” said that “Literates are the
Engineers of Humanity”.
front was mistaken for relying on literature to spread its principles
and promote its beliefs. Each word has its own irresistible magic and
literature has a power that does not invade or affect the mind, or form
sentiments or direct behavior.
Didn’t Islam rely on word to mouth to spread the calling and plan it in the hearts of Muslims?
Wasn’t the Miracle of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) illustrative?
a large number of powerful Arabs embrace Islam because of the Holy
Qur’an and its unique ability to make tough hearts lenient?
Allah Al Mighty not describe the kind word in his Holy Book by saying:
“Seest thou not how Allah coineth a similitude: A goodly saying, as a
goodly tree, its root set firm, its branches reaching into heaven, (24)
Giving its fruit at every season by permission of its Lord? Allah
coineth the similitudes for mankind in order that they may reflect,
a result to these social currents and intellectual beliefs, a clan from
intellectual beliefs arose with firm origin and fixed rules.
we take a close look at these social currents and intellectual beliefs,
we would find that they have all been derived from life and humanity.
Most of the existing intellectual front leaders in Western Europe and
America believe in individuality and freedom of the people which is
unjust, and it is spread to an extent where they go unpunished, and the
people are given a chance to spend money in a way that leads to
exploiting others, and doors are opened for them to reach filthy
richness which corrupts the relationships between people and spreads
aggressiveness and hatred between them.
They see that it a human right, and an expression of himself and affirmation of his existence.
the contrary, Socialists however believe in individual collectivism,
and that the individual is but a small part of a huge universe. They see
that the representative group in the clan and country have the right to
impose its authority on the individuals to the extent that it can
determine the job each individual undertakes, and it also imposes its
thoughts and ways of life.
are not about to discuss the beliefs about life and humanity because
they are all – in our eyes the Muslim Community – wrong and against the
natures of life and humans.
we would like to ask about the millions that embraced Islam that spread
over a large part of the world stretching from the Atlantic Ocean from
the West to India
to the East, and they believe in the divine look to humans and the
universe and life; what is their relation to this field? What literary
belief do they belong to?
they have the right to follow a distinctively divided literary belief,
with clear objectives, in order to express their perspective about
humanity and the universe, and clarify their faith in their Creator, and
determine their attitude towards life and the Final Judgment Day, and
to take this as a chance to spread their beliefs and present useful and
enjoyable literature to humanity and their faithful generations which
leads to them feeling the warmth of faith, and feeds their minds with
bright intellect, good guidance, and they are devoted to its glamour and
beauty and pureness. Its guidance is above this ridiculous literature
that is spread in newspapers every morning.
today are in need of a methodology, now more than ever, for our Islamic
Literature, because in this era we are subjected to intellectual,
spiritual and civil attacks we have never seen before.
Original objective literature is one of our strongest weapons to fight these attacks, and to stand before this sweeping current.
Islamic movements gave Islam and Muslims other alternatives; if they
were not able to achieve political gain in the governing field, they
were able to give Muslims intellectual gain in the field of clarifying
the origins of Islam and clarifying its position and attitude regarding
many modern cases, and revealing their power to absorb the new developed
life, and to stand up to their enemies who exist everywhere.
movements, however, forgot or pretended to forget that the calling to
Allah is not limited to scientific research, and methodology research,
and reasonable arguments alone, rather they also need to provide their
principles as highly literary solutions to the people, which are
accepted by them with open hearts and consent.
is an issue that our ancestors became aware of and a weapon they used
wisely. History tells us how the Muslims mastered the use of this weapon
and in a way that did not affect the people.
example, in Al Qadiseyeh, Saed Bin Abi Waqqas gathered the readers and
those who have opinions and chivalry men and rescuers; however, he did
not only gather them rather he also gathered the poets and preachers,
including: Al – Shammakh, Al – Hatee’ah, Ows Bin Ma’za, Abda Bin Al –
Tayyeb, and he pushed them into the fields of battle and before he sent
them out he told them: “Go and do upon others what is right upon you and
them at the points of despair…You are the Arab poets, and its poets and
those who have opinions and rescuers and leaders, so march with the
people, remind and urge them to fight, so they marched with them.”
preachers and poets continued with the Muslim battalions arousing their
feelings, reciting their poems, and strengthening their determination.
took charge of this great literary campaign during which he ordered one
of the readers to read Al- Jihad chapter from the Holy Qur’an (all
Muslims were learning it) so he read it to the battalion that came after
him, and it was read in each battalion; the hearts and eyes of the
people became weak and they found peace from reading it.
the era of the blessed Prophecy, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) used
literature to achieve victory in Islam and its legislation, defend the
Muslims and their Prophet, praising their victories and lessening
two literary arts that were well known to our ancestors are poetry and
the art of public speaking, so they were used in the most expert manner.
am sure that if they had been aware of these new modern arts, they
would have used them to spread their calling to the furthest level.
our Islamic literates in the modern era abandoned the modern literary
arts, and went after poetizing and writing articles, and preparing
research thinking that there is alienation between stories and plays
that reaches the extent of abandonment.
literates failed to know that the Holy Qur’an used novelistic art to
achieve its noble goals and it was based as a successful method for
guidance and teaching lessons.
Islamic literates took away this novelistic art because of their tight
bond with the Holy Qur’an, and their consistent stand of providing great
samples of stories.
Allah knows the extent of the disaster that happened to Islamic
Literature because of this abandonment, or the loss that befell the
Muslims because of it.
public and private libraries were forced during the second half of the
century to include thousands of stories, and translations, which were
incredibly popular among our boys and girls, and they were deeply
affected by their poisons; it corrupted the morals of many, and their
faith became insecure, and they followed the paths that please the enemy
and saddens the friend.
is time to return to ourselves, and to recruit the energy of our
talented youth to break through this field, as there is still a place
for us to stand on, and there are still benefits that call for pure
our scholars, our scientific and literary institutes, and our literates
that care for Islam and its people, must realize that if we do not
fulfill the needs of believers based on a pure literature which feeds
our faith, then it must search for itself for another literature from
another source that has filled the world with affects that corrupt the
proper nature and breaks down precious morals, and spreads fornication
in the hearts of the believers.
readers’ acceptance of modern literary arts, especially stories or
novelettes or plays, must open our eyes to this dangerous weapon used by
evil to plant its roots in our nation’s life and it must motivate us to
take away this weapon and place it in the hands of well-doers that are
able to use it in good ways of fidelity and kindness.
heard many callings from the platforms to boycott pornographic
magazines and stories, however, these heralds failed to realize that
these evils are not fought against by speeches they give from platforms,
or a cry of condemnation they cast out in gatherings, rather it is
achieved by positive and constructive work. It is a far greater good to
light one candle of goodness for yourself against cursing the darkness a
we want to face this grand invasion of perverted and devastating arts
which spread libertinism and dissolution between the people, this is not
achieved by denying it or avoiding it, and is not achieved by yelling
or wailing – as Dr. Nabeel Al-Keelani said – rather it is achieved by
positive and constructive work by confronting the literature that we
desire with the literature that we do not desire.
brief, we are obligated to provide an alternative to the people, and we
must be sure that this original and good alternative will be accepted
by most people, because people in their nature follow goodness. When we
call for Islamic Literature which is far away from the spirit of the era
and deals with modern Muslim cases, we do not want to turn our backs on
our ancient Islamic Literature rather we want to derive from it.
is our right to decide that our ancient Islamic religion had
impressively fulfilled its message in the past, as it stood up tall
since the beginning of Islam and supported the calling, and it continued
over history to face the corrupt situations, and stood up to aberrant
groups, and purify the advice to Allah, His Prophet and all Muslims.
Literature was connected to every era each in its own cases and it
merged itself in an amazing way; it was subjected to infidelity and
infidels, and took a firm stand for the creation of the Holy Qur’an, and
he said his famous words and glorified the Islamic Bravery, and praised
the heroes and their stands.
the Muslims invaded the homes of Muslims, this literature arouse
determination and healed wounds, and congratulated Muslims on their
victories, and lessened the affect of defeat on them, and calls for,
wants and looks for the continuance of fighting.
attitude towards the invasion of the Tatars was not less severe than
his attitude towards the invasion of the crusaders. If our ancient
Islamic Literature explained enough about its ages, problems, cases, and people, it is wrong to ask of it to explain about our ages, problems, cases and people…
is not logical to expect our ancient Islamic literature to solve our
current situations, and this request is as arbitrary as asking for our
Modern Literature to solve the situations that will arise after a
are in a mass need of modern Islamic Literature to accompany our lives
and express it; we are in need of Modern Islamic Critique to accompany
this literature to determine its origin and set out its milestones and
Yes, we are need of an Islamic Methodology and to criticize it.
The Preceding Heralds of this Methodology
are not the first who called upon establishing an Islamic Methodology
in literature, rather we pursued the tracks of a well known Islamic
cult, and their talented literates. The first to write about this
subject and became aware of it was His Eminence Sheikh Abu Al-Hasan
Al-Nadawi, when he was chosen a member in the Arab Scientific Academy in Damascus.
he submitted a research paper about Islamic Literature and caring for
it; he was one of the first heralds and the most aware of it. Then came
the Islamic and Muslim Martyr “Sayyed Qutob”, he wrote an article about
this subject and distributed it in his book “History is an Idea and
He pointed out that there is distinctive literary Islamic presence in this article upon which he called and urged.
first to respond to his calling was his brother Professor “Mohammad
Qutob” may Allah prolong his life, whereas he wrote a book entitled “The
Islamic Art Methodology” and his book was the first of its kind about
literate Dr. Najeeb Al-Keelani followed him, and wrote a book called
“Islam and Literary Beliefs” and he wrote it with an Islamic Literary
approach, whereas the book of Mohammad Qutob was purely Islamic.
Imad Al Din Khaleel followed him and he advanced noticeably in this
path when he published his book “In the Modern Islamic Critique” then he
proceeded in his steps to complete this subject.
were many articles and callings to adopt this literature; the Islamic
University of Imam Mohammad Bin Masoud was the first to respond to this
calling and worked on transferring it from the field of callings and
theories, into the field of applying and implementing, so its material
was acknowledged in the Arab Language Faculty, and it was made an
essential element in the field of rhetoric and critique.
material has been popular amongst the students of higher studies; there
were four Masters Degrees’ and two Doctorate theses written.
are hopeful that this material will turn into an independent center for
Islamic literature in general and children’s and youth’s literature in