1. Arab literature is the lead of the nation and a responsibility before Allah Al Mighty.
literature is committed and the commitment of the literary is
spontaneous derived from his commitment to his religion, and his message
is part of the Islamic message.
is an important path to build a righteous person and a society, and a
tool for the Allah summoning and defending Islam.
is responsible for contributing in saving the Arab nations from its
modern crisis, and Islamic literates are leaders in this subject.
is the truth since the emergence of Islam, and is derived from the
inspiration and the Prophets’ guidance, and moves from the eras to our
present era to contribute in the summoning of Allah Al Mighty, and
fighting the enemies of Islam and infidels.
literature is the literature of the Islamic people of different
nationalities and languages, and its characteristics are technically
joint between the literatures of the Islamic people.
provides to people in their lives and universe – as we find in the Arab
literature – origins of complete theories in literature and critique,
and they exist in the Islamic literature productions across the
literature refuses any attempt to cut off the connection between old
literature and new literature aiming at development or modernism, and
sees that Al Hadith is connected to it old origins.
Islamic literature refuses corrupted theories and literatures, and fake
Arab literature, and the critique literature that is based on
suspicions, or personal grudges, as it refuses the critique language
distorted by ambiguity, and calls for a clear and constructive criticism
which works on guiding the way of literature and the fixating of its
10. Arab literature is comprehensive and its completeness is not achieved without standing together.
is open to modern literary arts, and presents it to the people, and it
is free of anything that contradicts the religion of Allah Al Mighty,
and is enriched with the noble values and proper guidance of Islam.
official Arab language is the first language in Arab literature which
refuses general language and fights the spreading of it.
literature hold the responsibility of the nation’s intellect and
emotions, and connect fulfill this unless it is based on what is
correct, and its Islamic knowledge is enough.
14. Islamic literates are complied with Islam and its values and are committed to its principles and examples.
Islamic Literature: “is
the technical expression that aims at the reality of life and the
universe and humans expressing what derives from the Islam vision of
Allah Al Mighty and his creations”
beauty and amazement is what is required, as the beauty of the phrase
and lightening are two main principles for each literature, so what if
Islam was derived from the Holy Book and affected by the Hadith of the
we required in this literature welcoming new horizons, multi-sided as
it includes human kind in his emotions and desires, his hopes and pain,
his good qualities and bad, his life and death, and includes life with
all of its joy and hardships, and bases and values, as it includes the
universe with it its earth and seas, its land and skies, and nature with
its soaring birds, and wandering animals and beautiful spring, and
stormy winters, and so on.
on this, Islamic literature doesn’t include only religious subjects,
rather its is more generic and comprehensive, and for the picture to
become clearer and the difference between it and the opposing literature
to Islam is obvious, we must present some literary examples that show
Look at this beautiful piece of poetry in which the spirit of Islam was described.
is Atahama the wife of Abi Al Darda’ who got older, and her hearing and
sight became weak, and one morning her son approached her and she said:
Did you pray? He said: Yes, and I was upset for being late in my
prayer, and it was from the beautiful worships, so she said speaking to
Atham is forgetful
I cry for the time of prayer
Make the prayer weep if in one day you wept
Make the Qur’an weep with tears in your eyes
Today you do not read it unless you are with its reader
I miss being youthful the way I lived my whole life
modern poet “Ahmad Muhrram” shows the glorious image of the Companion
of the Prophet who put up a tent on one of the sides of the Prophet’s
Mosque to heal the wounded Muslims who have no family or relatives to
care for them, and he said:
“Rafeeda” teach people sympathy and up rise the position of your people
Allah greets you warmly
Take the wounded and do right by them and wander around them little by little
If it is time to sleep to not sleep for the repetitive voice calls
Help the unsleeping with their wounds which keep them awake and suffer
The guests of Allah are with you we remember the blessings of the Gardens
Rafeeda make effort as life does not reward those who linger
this Islamic poet Yusuf Al Atham writes to his cousin and friend Hisham
Al-Athem this great piece and sent it to him while he was in Mecca and imagined him while he was going back and forth between Al Safa and Al-Marwa:
“Hisham” I heard amidst the pilgrims and your soul cheering at Al Safa
You were greeted and your hands sweating with Zamzam
Between your ribs a heart that cheers and responds and your circulate around Al Bait
You bow to Allah asking mercy and in your hands the Holy Book
My heart calls upon you congratulating you on Al Haj
for the literature that is against Islam, there is many and especially
in field of poetry. Listen to Al Mutanabi while he proudly says:
Where will I rise up, which Greatness should I have faith in?
And everything that Allah created and did not create
Despised in my determination like a part of my hair
The poet says – as Al Abkary says – he stayed an infidel for despising the creations of Allah and sent Prophets and the Angels.
Shawqi says in this poem entitled “Damascus”:
I believed in Allah and his garden Damascus is the soul and gardens and basils
And it was too late for him to believe that paradise is a right and that hell is a right.
And this is Khair Al Deen Al Zarkali who says in his poem “Najwa”
If they showed me my nation as an idol I would worship it
this verse, there is belittlement of Allah’s religion, and ignorance of
what came in Allah’s Book, as alcohol, gambling, statues and damans are
of the filthy works of satin.
What are meant by statues are the idols that were indicated by the poet.
when we chose these versus that contradict Islam to provide those who
are the less further away from the religion of Allah, and we stayed away
from the poetry of Bashar Bin Bard and Hammad Ajrad and Waleya Bin al
Habbab, and Abi Nawas, and Al Hussein Bin Al Dahak; in the poetry and in
the antithesis of Jareer and Al Akhtal and Al Farazdaq what shakes the
emotions of Muslims.
Finally it is said:
is your position from this poetry that is derived from the soul of
Islam and does not express its goals, but at the same time does not
contradict or offend?
to answer this question we say: We stand neutrally regarding this
literature, and we do not prevent or crucify it, we find technical
richness in it which we refer to when needed and we depend on it to fill
Written by Dr. Mohammad Ali Rizq Al-Khafaji
did (AHMS) on 2/1/1995, and he worked as a professor in literature,
critique and rhetoric fields, and the head of the Arab language
department in the Literature Faculty in Asyut University, the branch of
Sohaj, and he left behind a huge critique and literary heritage the most
important of which is eloquence…etc. he was born in the village of Al
Khatatba in Al Buhaira province.
Mahrram a talented Islamic poet who rose above poets in his time in his
collection of poems entitled “Glory of Islam”, he died the year 1366
Al-Atham a modern Jordanian poet, and former deputy in the parliament,
and founder of the Al Aqsa school in Jordan and its General Manager, and
from what he left behind was “Quatrains from Palestine” and the
“Collection of Al Jihad Poetry” from which we took this verse.