Ministry of Awqaf & Islamic Affairs :: Information about the Holy Qur'an
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Information about the Holy Qur'an

Names of the Holy Qur'an

·        There are tens of names within the verses of the Holy Qur'an that refer to its names which are:

-         Al – Furqan (The Holy Qur'an), the Book, Al Noor (the Light), Al-Tanzeel (The Holy Qur'an), Al Kalam, Al Hadeeth, Al Maw'etha  (Preachment), Al Hadi (Guider to the Right Path), Al Haq (The Right), Al Bayan, Al Muneer, Al Shefa'a (The Healing), Al Atheem (The Great), Al Kareem (The Generous), Al Majeed (The Glorious), Al Azeez (the Honorable), Al Ni'mah (the Blessing), Al Rahmah (The Mercy), Al Rooh (The Soul), al Habel (the Immaculate), Al Qesas (the Stories), Al Muhaymen (the Dominant), Al Hukum (the Judgement), Al Theker (the Holy Qur'an), Al Sarraj (the Light), Al Basheer (Bearer of Good), Al Natheer (Bearer of Good), Al Tebyan, Al Adel (the Just), Al Munady (the Calling), Al Shafy (the Healer), Al Thekra (the Remembrance), Al Hakeem (the Book of Wisdom).

-         Other names for the Holy Qur'an were mentioned such Al Meezan (the Scale), the best Hadith, the Similar Book, Al Mathani (two at a time), the Certain Rights, Al Tathkara (the Ticket) the Book of Wisdom, the Values, and the most knowledgeable preachment.

The Stories of the Qur'an

-         The Holy Qur'an indicated the stories of the Prophets (PBUT) and their people for the purpose of spreading what has to be taken into account and consideration, and the Book of Wisdom mentioned the names of (25) Prophets along with their stories and they are:

·        Mohammad – Adam – Ibrahim – Ismail – Ilyas – Idrees – Ayoub – Issa – Mousa – Nooh – Lout – Yousef – Yaqoub – Youshe'e – Houd – Younes – Saleh – Shu'aib – Daoud – Yahya – Tho Al Kafel – Suleiman – Haroun – Ismail Sadeq Al Wa'ed. 

The Description of the Holy Qur'an of Itself

1.     "Guidance unto those who ward off" in the Blessed Chapter of Al – Baqara.

2.     The credible of all heavenly books and is the guidance and calling for those of faith: {Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah's leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers} (The Blessed Chapter of Al Baqara Verse 97).

3.      The declaration and admonition for people: { This is a declaration for mankind, a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil)} (Chapter of Al Imran – Verse 138)

4.     That leads mankind from the darkness to the light: {Alif Lam Ra. A Book which We have revealed unto thee in order that thou mightiest lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light― by the leave of their Lord― to the Way of (Him) Exalted in Power, Worthy of all Praise!} (Chapter of Ibrahim Verse 1).

5.     The Reminder: {Ta Ha. We have not sent down the Qur'an to thee to be (an occasion) for thy distress. But only as an admonition to those who fear (Allah) (Chapter of Taha Verses 1-3), and also the last Verse of the Blessed Al-Qalam Chapter.

6.     The Best Speech and Consistent Book:{ Allah hath (now) revealed the fairest of statements, a Scripture consistent, (wherein promises of reward are) paired (with threats of punishment), whereat doth creep the flesh of those who fear their Lord, so that their flesh and their hearts soften to Allah's reminder. Such is Allah's guidance, wherewith He guideth whom He will. And him whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide. } (Al Zumar Chapter Verse 23).

7.     It is Better Than any Wealth: { Say: In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy: therein let them rejoice. It is better than what they hoard} (Younis Chapter Verse 58)

8.     It is the Guidance and Source of Healing for Believers: { And if We had appointed it a Lecture in a foreign tongue they would assuredly have said: If only its verses were expounded (so that we might understand)? What! A foreign tongue and an Arab? - Say unto them (O Muhammad): For those who believe it is a guidance and a healing} (Fussilat Chapter Verse 44).  

The Subjects in the Qur'an and its Verses:

·        The Holy Qur'an handled many subjects within its honorable Verses, and some statistics have reached to the classification of these subjects in the Verses based on the following form:

-         Beliefs – (1443) Verses

-         Monotheism (1102) Verses

-         Old Testament (1025) Verses

-         The Social System (848) Verses

-         Religion (826) Verses

-         Civil Ethics (803) Verses

-         About our Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) – (405) Verses

-         Declaration (400) Verses

-         The Holy Qur'an (390) Verses

-         What is Behind Nature (219) Verses

-         Christians (161) Verses

-         The People of Israel (110) Verses

-         Sciences and Arts (80) Verses

-         Victory (171) Verses

-         Legislation (Al Shari'ah) – (29) Verses

-         History (27) Verses

-         Experiences (9) Verses

The Manners of Reading the Holy Qur'an

-         The manners of reading the Holy Qur'an are divided into two apparent and hidden parts:

o       The first part: is represented by purity, reading with manners, assurance, in a sad and heard voice, taking into consideration the rules of intonation, and performing prostration (in prayer) (Al Sujood), before reading, and belief afterwards and so on.

o       The second part: is seeking to know the greatness of Allah, and the presence of the heart, and  pondering the meaning of the honorable Verses, and that he is – after the Holy Qur'an – in the position of addresser regarding the Verses of Allah Al Mighty, and is affected by them and follows what they order.   

General Information

-         The Chapter (Al Soorah) is part of the Verses in the Holy Qur'an, and the word originated from "Wall" which means what surrounds the city, and by this, the Al Soorah is the wall that separates certain Verses from their counterparts in other Soorahs.

-         As for the precise Verses that are connected tightly between articulation and meaning and are not ambiguous or suspicious, are the clear Verses that cannot be interpreted another way.

-         But the similar verses are those that are ambiguous or multi-sided in articulation or meaning i.e. can be explained or interpreted in more than one way, and in order to understand them the correct way, one should refer to the precise Verses. 

 

 Translations of the Holy Qur'an

-         The Holy Qur'an has been translated to (22) languages some of which are complete and some incomplete and the following mentions the translations and their numbers:

·        Arcane, 1 translation

·        Swedish, 6 translations

·        African, 6 translations

·        Albanian, 2 translations

·        Archimedes language – the old Spaniards Language – 35 translations

·        German, 42 translations

·        English, 57 translations

·        Ukrainian, 1 translation

·        Esperanto Language, 1 translation

·        Portuguese, 1 translation

·        Bulgarian, 4 translations

·        Bosnian, 13 translations

·        Polish, 10 translations

·        Bohemian, 3 translations

·        Turkish, 86 translations

·        Danish, 3 translations

·        Russian, 11 translations

·        Romanian, 1 translation

·        Italian, 11 translations

·        French, 33 translations

·        Finnish, 1 translation

·        Latin, 42 translations

·        The total of all registered translations in all languages is 331 translations.

Animals mentioned in the Holy Qur'an:

·        Camel, Cow, Serpent, Snake, Pigs, Monkeys, Lice, Goat, Female Camel, Bees, Hoopoe, Ostriches, Mosquito, Beast (Al – Dabah), Flies, Bird, Mules, Dromedaries, Steeds, Donkey, Whale, Elephant, Lion, Dog, Ewe, Ants, Horses, Wolf, Beast of the Earth "Worm", Sheep, Calf, Spider, Crow, Butterfly.

Clothes Mentioned in the Holy Qur'an:

·        Brocade, Clothes, Silk, Silk Brocade, Shirt (Blouse), Gown, Raiment

Commodities Mentioned in the Holy Qur'an:

·        Furniture, Pencils, Pegs, Bowls, Paint, Lamp, Plate, Pottery, Kettles, Necklaces, Glasses, Rope, Cradles, Pitchers, Locks, Cups, Containers, Octaves, Buckets, Pillow, Pavilions, Ladder, Staff, Blanket, Bed, Scales, Flasks, Chair, Utensil, Lantern, , Stick (Staff), Cushion              

Organs and Body Parts Mentioned in the Holy Qur'an

·        Ears, Chins, Wombs, Spines, Necks, Hearts, Intestines, Nose, Body, Fingertips, Skin, Jugular Vein, Larynxes, Blood, Head, Genital Organs, Fingers, Chest, Back, Side (of the body), Heart, Flesh, Aorta, Legs, Heel Bones, Eyes, Mouths, Hands, Stomach, Throats, Nails, Upper Arm, Bones, Shoulder, Lips, Heels, Vein.

Colors Mentioned in the Holy Qur'an:

·        White – Green – Black Green – Black – Yellow Black          

The Characteristics of the Prophet (PBUH) in the Holy Qur'an:

·        Faithful, the First to be Faithful, the first of Muslims, the First to Worship, the Proof, the Bearer of Good New, the last of Prophets, caller of Allah, Mercy to the world, merciful, Messenger, Messenger of Allah, Holy Prophet, Generous Prophet, Gentle, the Light, Witness, Martyr, Friend, Servant of Allah, Mohammad (PBUH), Reminder, Herald, the Truthful Advisor, The Prophet, the Holy Herald, Loyal,

Some Descriptive Names of Judgment Day in the Holy Qur'an

·        The Last Day, The Day of Reckoning, The Hour, The Day of Account, The Day of Distress, the Great Announcement, The Day of Judgment, The Rightful Day, The Immortal Day, The Day of Emergence, The Day of Religion, The Arduous Day, The Great Day, The Day of Opening, The Big Day, the Witnessed Day, The Known Day, the Promised Day, The Day of Penalty, the Day of Regret, The Day Where No Money or Children Are Useful Except for Those with A Good Heart. 

Some Names and Types of Heaven in the Holy Qur'an:

·        Gardens of Eden, Gardens of Paradise, Gardens of Shelter, Gardens of Bliss, Garden of Eternity, Superior Garden, House of Peace, House of Decision, House of God (Allah) – Fearing, House of the Remaining, Gardens of  Paradise, The Final Home, The Friendly, Grace.

Some Names and Titles for Hell in the Holy Qur'an:

·        (Bottomless) Pit, Blaze, Fire, Poisons, Unsleeping, Ruins, Evil Fate, Evil Decision, Evil Residence, Hell, The Hole, The House of Perdition, The House of Corrupters, Hades, Flame, The House of Evil.            

The Clearly Stated Names of Angels in the Holy Qur'an

·        Gabriel - Harout – Marout – Michael – Malik

The Numbers Mentioned in the Holy Qur'an:

·        Twelve – One, Four – One Thousand – Two Thousand – Two – Twelve – Forty – One Thousand Years Minus Fifty – Thousands – Several (the number from 3 to 9) – Nine – Nineteen – Ninety Nine – Third – Second – Three – Three Thousand – Three Hundred – Thirty – One Third – Two Thirds – Eight – One Eighth – Long Period – Fifth – One Fifth – Five – Five Thousand – Fifty – Fifty Thousand – Fourth – Four at a time – One Quarter – Seven – Seventy – Six – Sixty – One Tenth – Twenty – Set – One Hundred Thousand – Two Hundred – Two at a time   

Weights and Measurements in the Holy Qur'an

·        Measurement: Equals Almost 3kg

·        Hundredweight: 6 Amnans – One equals 180 Weights

·        Particle: Equals One Dirham and a half

·        Dirham: Equals Four Seeds of Humous

·        Dinar: Legislative Weight 

Qur'an Numbers:

1.     In the Qur'an there are 114 Chapters and more than 6000 verses – 6236 Verses – All in 30 parts divided into 4 parts and each part is called "Al-Hizb" (one part of the Qur'an).

2.     The number of dots in the Holy Qur'an is around "1015030" dots – and its letters are "323670", which is a total of "77935" words.

3.     Each Chapter consists of sentences or phrases called Verses.

4.     There are "87" Chapters in the Holy Qur'an some of which are Mekieh and "27" Madaneya.

5.     All Chapters begin with "Al-Basmalah" (In the Name of Allah) except for the blessed Chapter of Al Tawba, and the Chapter of Al Namel which have two Basmalahs

6.     Seven Chapters in the Holy Qur'an include the names of 7 Prophets, and they are: Younis – Houd – Yusuf – Ibrahim – Mohammad – Nooh.

7.     The longest Chapter is Al Baqarah which has "286" Verses and the shortest is the Chapter of Al Kawthar with only "3" Verses.

8.     The Blessed Chapter of Al Tawheed – Al Ekhlas – is the only chapter that has only one "Kasrah" (kind of punctuation in the Arab Language) apart from the Basmalah.

9.     The Blessed Chapter of Al Hamad: Is the first Chapter whereas the Chapter of Al Nas is the last, according to the known order in the Holy Books, and not according to the descending of the Chapters..In this case, the Chapter of Al Alaq would be the first to descend on our Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), while the Chapter of Al Nasser is the last.  

10. "Allah" was mentioned in the Holy Qur'an "2707" times, "980" with the grammatical position of Al Rafe'e and "1135" times with the grammatical of Al Naseb.

11. There is a special name for every chapter in the Holy Qur'an, and some have more than one name, and the Chapter of Al Hamad gas more than "20" names some of which are: Al Fatiha – Um Al Ketab – Al Sab'e Al Mathany – Al Kanz – Al Wafiya – Al Kafiya – Al Shafiya and others.

12. Some Chapters got their names from the portioned letters at the beginning of the Chapter like in the Chapter of Taha – Also the Chapters and Verses of Al Makeyah Chapters were descended before the Hijra, and the Madineyeh after it and some scientists consider them related to where they were descend with no relation to the Hijra.

13. The shortest verse is "Yasin" in the Chapter holding that name and it was said "Descending Suddenly" in the Chapter of Al Rahman, however, the longest verse is the 82 after 200 in the Chapter of Al Baqarah.

14. 29 Chapters start with portioned letters.

15. 3 Chapters start with Al Hamd (Thankfulness) are: al Fatiha, Al An'am, Al Kahef, Saba'a and Fatir.

16. 7 Chapters start with Glorifying the Creator "Glorified – Glorifies – Glory to" which are: Al Isra'a, AL Al'la, Al Taghaben, Al Jum'a, Al Saf, Al Hashir, and Al Hadid.

17. 3 Chapters start with "Oh Prophet" are: Al Ahzab, Al Talaq, and Al Tahreem.

18. 2 Chapters begin with " O thou wrapped up in thy raiment" and " O thou enveloped in thy cloak" which are Al Muzzammel and Al Mudather.

19. 3 Chapters begin with "O Believers" which are: Al Maeda, Al Hijrat and Al Mumtahanah.

20. 5 Chapters start with "Say" are: Al Jen, Al Kaferoon, AL Tawheed, Al Ekhlas, Al Falaq, and Al Nas.

21. 2 Chapters start with "O People" which are: Al Nisa'a and Al Haj.

22. 4 Chapters start with "We" are: Al Fatih, Nooh, Al Qadar, and Al Kawthar.

23. 15 Chapters start in the form of Swearing which are: Al Thareyat, Al Toor, Al Najim, Al Mursalat, Al Naze'at, AL Burooj, Al Tareq, Al Fajer, Al Shams, Al Layl, Al Duha, Al Teen, Al Adeyat, AL Aser, and Al Saffat.

24. 15 Chapters of the Holy Qur'an include prostration (in prayer), four of which are obligatory in the Chapters of "Ham Fasalat" and "Ham Al Sajda", Al Najem and Al Alaq, 11 of which are desirable in the Chapters of Al A'raf, Al Nahel, Mariam and Al Haj – Two prostrations – and Al Namel, Al Inshiqaq, Al Ra'ed, Al Isr'aa, Al Furqan, and Saad.

Definition of the Holy Qur’an
The Holy Quran Sciences
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Ministry of Awqaf & Islamic Affairs - State of Kuwait